THE MAPS OF LAKE AND ITS AFFLUENTS
THE RICHES OF LAKE I CARE ABOUT IT
Interventions and improvements
A. Work in Quilliams Floodplain
In 2015, Renaissance Brome Lake carried out an important rehabilitation project in the Quilliams floodplain. The task was to redo the bank that had been decimated by a water crossing, put in an ecological bridge and renaturalise the bank itself, along a distance of some 1.6 km. The goal of these substantial upgrades was to improve the habitat of the species found in this area and to improve the quality of the water in both the brook and the lake.
On December 15 2015, thanks to QuebecPanorama.com, we were able to capture some impressive images of the restoration site and the scope of the work that had taken place. These drone-taken images give a very good idea of the work done. The projet will be completed in 2016. New images were taken in 2016.
Images captées par un drone.
Self-guided tour of the Quilliams Brook
A canoe-kayak outing on Quilliams Brook in the heart of the Quilliams-Durrull Natural Reserve represents a voyage of extraordinary discovery, in which the environment is unique and where the biodiversity of the ecosystems will astonish you.
To promote the natural value of this incredible site, Renaissance Brome Lake has prepared a circuit made up of 10 stations of interest, from Brome Lake itself to the agricultural plains further upstream from the natural reserve. This marvellous journey lasts from 1.5 to 2 hours.
Outdoor and canoe-kayak buffs are invited to come and discover this enchanting natural wonderland, in deep respect and harmony with nature.
Renaissance Brome Lake has prepared an informative brochure that describes the route to navigate as well as the points of interest. Visitors must observe a code of ethics where respect for nature applies. The brochure is available at the office of Renaissance Brome Lake, at Camping des Érables, at Hôtel Suites Lac-Brome or HERE.
Guide to good practices
Whether you have lived in the region for the last several years or you have just acquired a property, there is one common point we all share : the beauty of our countrysides and the quality of our environment. We all want to preserve this tiny corner of paradise in a pristine state.
Water is an important part of our environment: whether stream, river or lake, water is everywhere. However Brome lake is in a state of advanced and accelerated ageing and its situation is quite precarious. It is essential that the entire community mobilise to help ensure the best quality of water possible. The survival of our way of life depends on us working together, for ourselves, our children and for future generations.
Living in the country is not like living in the city. New habits must be adopted. It is indispensable to employ good environmental practices which are compatible with the nature that surrounds us, not only along the shoreline but throughout the drainage basin.
We are pleased to offer you this practical guide to help you live in harmony with nature. Keep it close at hand and use it when you are thinking of carrying out some project or other on your property.
The guide to good practices, a new way of living!
Shorelines maintenance guide
Turn-key program for Brome Lake Residents!
Conceived and designed especially for you and your Brome Lake!
Simple and effective!
The program includes the evaluation of your situation, the identification of your needs, the proposal of solutions, the preparation of a planting plan of indigenous species and the actual planting itself.
Contact us right now for more details:
(450) 242 -2784
*Music: ”Inspire” from Bensound.com
La navigation sur les plans d’eau est de juridiction fédérale. Or, comment se fait-il que les élus municipaux, les élus des gouvernements régionaux, voire les autorités du MDDELCC, se heurtent constamment aux politiques obtuses du gouvernement fédéral en matière de navigation sur les petits plans d’eau, sans connexion inter-provinciale. À la MRC Memphrémagog, au lac St-Adolphe-d’Howard, au lac Bowker, au lac Brome, pour n’en nommer que quelques-uns, partout les citoyens vivent des situations non respectueuses de l’environnement et de la santé des lacs, ce qui engendre beaucoup de frustration et de démobilisation. Il faut rapatrier au Québec la juridiction fédérale sur les plans d’eau non connectés au réseau interprovincial.
Dès 2007, RLB avait établi, hors de tout doute, les effets du passage des embarcations à moteur sur le brassage des sédiments lorsque la profondeur de l’eau est inférieure à 3 mètres. Depuis ce temps, nous incitons les autorités municipales à exiger que les plaisanciers circulent à la vitesse d’embrayage dans une zone protégée de 150 mètres de la rive et de 3 mètres de profondeur.
Renaissance lac Brome fait la promotion de trois mesures particulières:
- une zone « sans-sillage » (no-wake zone ») dans le premier 150 mètres du rivage (actuellement vitesse max de 10 km/hre);
- une profondeur minimum de 3 mètres pour la circulation des embarcations à moteur;
- une zone de pratique du « wake surf », « wake board » à au moins 300 mètres du rivage.
Pour en savoir plus
Carte bathymétrique, nouvelle version 2013.
Water quality monitoring
Le projet en bref
- L’échantillonnage dans les affluents
- L’échantillonnage dans le lac
- Les lectures de transparence
Pour en savoir plus
In June, July and August 2011, Renaissance Brome Lake coordinated three biodiversity inventories. These studies, carried out with the most knowledgeable specialists in Quebec in the particular fields, sought to better know the range of wildlife inhabiting the wetlands along the lake, to better justify their protection, notably through the creation of named eco-zones to then identify them in the zoning plan and thereby ensuring their complete protection. What follows is a brief summary of the three inventory reports which were prepared. They may be consulted in the section “Documentation Centre”.
The inventory of the avian fauna was carried out during the reproduction period for most birds, that is between June 7 and 9, 2011 inclusively. Biologist François Morneau was responsible for leading the study and identifying the birds, notably by their chants and distinctive cries. By moving slowly in a canoe through eight wetlands, the birds which were observed or heard within a radius of 75 metres were noted. The recording and replaying of chants with a tape recorder also helped detect the presence of aquatic birds such as the Least Bittern and Water Rale.
In total, 53 species of birds were recorded and duly noted across the eight wetlands. Of this number, 12 are attributable to the Anatidae and aquatic birds grouping, one only to the birds of prey category and 40 to the major grouping including songbirds and other land birds. Most of these species (50) were classified as nesting birds.
The Anatidae (geese and ducks) and aquatic birds
Five species of Anatidae were identified: Canada Goose, Wood Duck, Mallard, Hooded Merganser and Common Loon. With regard to aquatic birds the following species were observed: American Bittern, Great Blue Heron, Virginia Rale, Wilson’s Snipe, Ring-billed Gull and the Belted Kingfisher.
Birds of prey
The only bird of prey observed was the Osprey in Coldbrook stream.
Songbirds and land birds
This important group of birds unites several species of Woodpeckers (4), Eastern Kingbird (4), Flycatchers (2) Vireos (2), Swallows, Wood Warblers (5), Sparrows (2), etc. (See report for the complete list of species). Two male Wren Marshes were heard in Coldbrook stream. This relatively rare bird in the Townships prefers the cattail marsh as a habitat.
Breakdown of the avian diversity throughout the wetlands
All the Brome Lake wetlands have shown a great diversity of bird species. They are of great value to the avian fauna which find nesting, feeding and resting habitats in these areas. The Quilliams and Coldbrook waterways have revealed a most interesting diversity with respectively 37 and 33 species of birds. The protection of the wetlands around the lake is essential if these valuable species are not to disappear locally.
Reptile inventory including amphibians:
The inventory of amphibians and reptiles was carried out on June 20 and 21 and August 1 and 2, 2011 by biologist Patrick Galois. Several streams and brooks were traversed by canoe or on foot, when feasible, as well as the heads of waterways, to search and listen for the reproduction sounds of Anurans (frogs, tree frogs and toads) during the evening. In addition, an effort was made to identify reproduction sites for the Anurans and the egg laying sites for turtles.
Twelve herpetological species were confirmed by this inventory. Of this number we count five species of Anurans, three of salamanders, one of snakes and two types of turtles. These animals were observed and/or heard over a period of four days in eight inventory stations around Brome Lake (brooks, wetlands, rivers). Of these amphibian and reptile species, two are considered to be endangered to some degree. The Northern Dusky Salamander is considered to be “threatened” by the government of Quebec and the Common Snapping Turtle was put on the list by the federal government (COSEWIC) in 2011 as being of “special concern.”
Amphibians (Anurans and Urodeles ):
Anurans and Urodeles (salamanders, mud puppies and newts) are represented in Quebec by 11 and 10 species respectively. The Brome Lake inventory confirmed the presence of seven well dispersed Anurans (except for Inverness brook) throughout the various wetland areas: American Toad, Wood Frog, Mink Frog, Leopard Frog, Green Frog, Riparian Frog and Hyla Versicolor. In addition, it was possible to identify several reproduction sites for Anurans in the wetlands.
As far as the Urodeles are concerned, three species were spotted: the Northern Two-Lined Salamander, the Eastern Redback Salamander and the Northern Dusky Salamander.
Reptiles (Testudines and Squamates):
There are nine species of Testudines (or turtles) in Quebec. One of these, the Common Snapping Turtle was found throughout the wetland areas except for Argyll brook and the McPherson filtering marsh. The only other species observed was the Painted Turtle in the mouth of the Yamaska River and in the Pearson and Quilliams waterways. Traces of egg laying were also observed near certain water courses.
Regarding the Squamates (or serpents and lizards), they are represented by eight serpants in Quebec and no lizards. The Brome Lake study unearthed a single species, the Common Garter Snake along the Yamaska River.
Breakdown of the herpetofaunic diversity across the wetlands
All the Brome Lake wetlands are essential in ensuring the presence of the permanent habitats needed to fully complete the biological cycles of the reptiles and amphibians. The Yamaska River and Pearson and Quilliams brooks have revealed a rich biodiversity with more than eight species of reptiles and amphibians.
For the amphibians, the wetlands represent essential sites for food, hibernation and rest, but also serve as aquatic refuges and, sometimes, in the case of certain species, as reproduction sites. The researchers agree that a mosaic of inter-related wetlands such as those found around Brome Lake is fundamental to the the long-term maintenance of these animals (see report). Protection measures, such as a shoreline buffer zone included in a protection zone of land habitats are published and recommended by researchers in order to protect these fragile animals from disruptions in their life environment.
Ichtyological inventory: (fish)
This particular inventory took place between June 27 and 30, 2011 inclusively. Biologists Isabelle Picard and Jean-François Desroches visited six wetlands around Brome Lake. The objective of the inventory was to determine the species of fish present, those with a particular status and the ecological value of the wetlands for conservation purposes. In general, the waterways were visited by canoe. This method of navigation helped to set such fish traps as hoop nets, cages, seines and weirs. The habitats were characterized by the taking of physical and chemical data.
In total, 17 species of fish were captured and identified for the majority of species, which reflects a solid diversity. Two particular species held the attention of the biologists. They are the Bridle Shiner and the Pickerel. Both these fish are considered to be endangered in Quebec. In fact the Shiner is considered to be very vulnerable while the Pickerel is in a “threatened” category according to the ministry’s (MRNF) 2011 assessment.
The species which were best represented are the Pickerel, the Sunfish (pond perch) and the Yellow Perch. Following closely behind are the Small Mouth Bass and the Golden Shiner. Apart from the latter, all are considered to be fish in the recreation category in Quebec. This is the same for the Brown Bullhead which was also found in two of the Brome Lake wetlands. The number of species of fish found from one wetland to another varied very little, from 6 to 9.
The Baie des Colibris was closely monitored by the biologists because of the fact that it probably constitutes an important stocking and growth area for several of the Brome Lake fish species. Hundreds of young fish were captured. Young Chain Pickerel, on the threatened list, were found in great numbers here. The results of the inventory show that Baie des Colibris is certainly and exceptional yet fragile sanctuary and this habitat and the diversity of fish species and their ability to replenish themselves is threatened by the regular presence of motorized watercraft. The biologists recommended the protection of this bay in the same spirit and reasoning as the entire network of Brome Lake wetlands because of their potential as reproduction and stocking sites for several species of fish.
While relatively small in terms of its overall surface and having been disrupted in the past by various landfill situations, the Inverness marsh also displayed an exceptional reproduction potential. Hundreds of young Perch, White Suckers and Small Mouth Bass were captured with the help of a small seine. Quilliams Brook also showed strong potential, notably with an abundant population of young Chain Pickerel.
Renaissance Brome Lake would like to thank all its partners who contributed to the success of these inventories and especially Ville de Lac-Brome for its financial support.
DOCUMENTS RELATED TO THIS PAGE
Links and partners
Renaissance lac Brome bénéficie du soutien financier de plusieurs organismes. Sans eux, plusieurs projets ne pourraient voir le jour. Ce sont principalement:
La mise en place de projets afin d’améliorer la qualité de l’eau repose sur la collaboration de plusieurs intervenants. Divers ministères du gouvernement du Québec interviennent par :
- des règlements sur les installations septiques ;
- le suivi des plans d’eau contaminés ;
- l’attribution de montants pour des projets pilote (gestion du ruissellement, le contrôle de l’érosion ou de stabilisation des berges).
La MRC Brome-Missisquoi a la responsabilité d’établir une politique de gestion des cours d’eau et d’en faire le suivi.
Les municipalités de Bolton-Ouest, du Canton de Shefford, de Stukely-Sud et ville de Lac-Brome adoptent des règlements concernant l’amélioration de la qualité de l’eau :
- La naturalisation et la protection des bandes riveraines
- Les mesures visant le contrôle de l’érosion
- L’utilisation des pesticides et les engrais
- L‘entretien des installations septiques
- La protection des milieux humides et des cours d’eau
Sites Internet officiels